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VEKLURY can be administered in patients with any stage of renal disease, including those on dialysis1

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Patients with any eGFR may receive treatment with VEKLURY

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VEKLURY has a demonstrated safety profile in patients with renal impairment and COVID-191

Patients may receive VEKLURY regardless of renal impairment severity

  • NO dosage adjustment of VEKLURY is recommended for patients with any degree of renal impairment
  • NO renal laboratory testing is required before or during treatment

Patients may receive VEKLURY regardless of renal impairment severity

  • NO dosage adjustment of VEKLURY is recommended for patients with any degree of renal impairment
  • NO renal laboratory testing is required before or during treatment

No new adverse reactions to VEKLURY were identified

Adverse events (all grades) were reported in 13 (8%) patients in the VEKLURY group and 3 (4%) patients in the placebo group

  • The most common adverse reactions were nausea (1%), abdominal pain (1%), and diarrhea (1%)
  • No patients experienced severe adverse reactions
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UPDATE YOUR HOSPITAL ORDER SETS AND PROTOCOLS SO PATIENTS WITH RENAL IMPAIRMENT CAN CONSISTENTLY ACCESS VEKLURY

VEKLURY use in patients with renal impairment is supported by clinical data from REDPINE1

The REDPINE study (GS-US-540-5912) was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase 3 clinical trial of VEKLURY vs placebo in hospitalized adult patients (N=243) with confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection and a range of renal impairment severity.

Study design1
A graphic showing the REDPINE study design

Patients were randomized in a 2:1 manner, stratified by ESRD, high-flow oxygen requirement, and region (US vs ex-US) to receive VEKLURY or placebo. Patients in both arms received standard of care.

ESRD=end-stage renal disease; R=randomization.

The study population included patients with a broad range of renal disease1,2

Study population pie graph

37% of patients with acute kidney injury (n=90), defined as a 50% increase in serum creatinine within a 48-hour period that was sustained for ≥6 hours despite having supportive care

26% of patients with chronic kidney disease (n=64); eGFR <30 mL/min

37% of patients with end-stage renal disease (n=89) who required hemodialysis; eGFR <15 mL/min

At baseline, the mean age was 69 years and patients had a range of COVID-19 severity1,2:

  • 54 patients (22%) were on room air
  • 144 patients (59%) were on low-flow oxygen
  • 45 patients (19%) were on high-flow oxygen
  • No patients received invasive mechanical ventilation
Baseline characteristics1-3
Characteristic VEKLURY(n=163) Placebo(n=80)
Age
Mean age, y (SD) 68 (14) 71 (13)
Distribution, n (%)
18-64 y 70 (43) 22 (28)
≥65 y 93 (57) 58 (73)
Sex at birth, n (%)
Male 92 (56) 47 (59)
Female 71 (44) 33 (41)
Race, n (%)*
American Indian or Alaska Native 1 (1) 0
Asian 4 (2) 2 (3)
Black 43 (27) 18 (23)
White 104 (65) 55 (71)
Other 11 (6) 5 (4)
Kidney disease status, n (%)
Acute kidney injury 60 (37) 30 (38)
Chronic kidney disease 44 (27) 20 (25)
End-stage kidney disease 59 (36) 30 (38)
Risk factors for disease progression, n (%)
Hypertension 141 (87) 75 (94)
Diabetes mellitus 129 (79) 62 (78)
Cardiovascular or cerebrovascular disease 81 (50) 44 (55)
Oxygen support status, n (%)
High-flow oxygen 30 (18) 15 (19)
Low-flow oxygen 97 (60) 47 (59)
Room air 36 (22) 18 (23)
Renal replacement therapy received, n (%) 40 (25) 21 (26)
COVID-19 vaccine status at baseline, n (%)§
Vaccinated 21 (13) 10 (13)
Not vaccinated 142 (87) 70 (88)

*Some participants were not permitted to disclose their race because local regulators did not allow collection of such information. Values for those not permitted to disclose were excluded from percentage and P-value calculations.

Includes participants who were Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander, other, or not permitted to disclose race.

Renal replacement therapy (RRT) started within 3 days before the first dose is considered RRT at baseline.

§Vaccinated is defined as with at least 1 shot administered.

See clinical outcomes for VEKLURY in nonhospitalized high-risk patients

OUTPATIENT STUDY

See clinical outcomes for VEKLURY in hospitalized patients

ACTT-1 STUDY

Important Safety Information

Contraindication

  • VEKLURY is contraindicated in patients with a history of clinically significant hypersensitivity reactions to VEKLURY or any of its components.

Warnings and precautions

  • Hypersensitivity, including infusion-related and anaphylactic reactions: Hypersensitivity, including infusion-related and anaphylactic reactions, has been observed during and following administration of VEKLURY; most reactions occurred within 1 hour. Monitor patients during infusion and observe for at least 1 hour after infusion is complete for signs and symptoms of hypersensitivity as clinically appropriate. Symptoms may include hypotension, hypertension, tachycardia, bradycardia, hypoxia, fever, dyspnea, wheezing, angioedema, rash, nausea, diaphoresis, and shivering. Slower infusion rates (maximum infusion time of up to 120 minutes) can potentially prevent these reactions. If a severe infusion-related hypersensitivity reaction occurs, immediately discontinue VEKLURY and initiate appropriate treatment (see Contraindications).
  • Increased risk of transaminase elevations: Transaminase elevations have been observed in healthy volunteers and in patients with COVID-19 who received VEKLURY; these elevations have also been reported as a clinical feature of COVID-19. Perform hepatic laboratory testing in all patients (see Dosage and administration). Consider discontinuing VEKLURY if ALT levels increase to >10x ULN. Discontinue VEKLURY if ALT elevation is accompanied by signs or symptoms of liver inflammation.
  • Risk of reduced antiviral activity when coadministered with chloroquine or hydroxychloroquine: Coadministration of VEKLURY with chloroquine phosphate or hydroxychloroquine sulfate is not recommended based on data from cell culture experiments, demonstrating potential antagonism, which may lead to a decrease in the antiviral activity of VEKLURY.

Adverse reactions

  • The most common adverse reaction (≥5% all grades) was nausea.
  • The most common lab abnormalities (≥5% all grades) were increases in ALT and AST.

Dosage and administration

  • Administration should take place under conditions where management of severe hypersensitivity reactions, such as anaphylaxis, is possible.
  • Treatment duration:
    • For patients who are hospitalized, VEKLURY should be initiated as soon as possible after diagnosis of symptomatic COVID-19.
    • For patients who are hospitalized and do not require invasive mechanical ventilation and/or ECMO, the recommended treatment duration is 5 days. If a patient does not demonstrate clinical improvement, treatment may be extended up to 5 additional days, for a total treatment duration of up to 10 days.
    • For patients who are hospitalized and require invasive mechanical ventilation and/or ECMO, the recommended total treatment duration is 10 days.
    • For patients who are not hospitalized, diagnosed with mild-to-moderate COVID-19, and are at high risk for progression to severe COVID-19, including hospitalization or death, the recommended total treatment duration is 3 days. VEKLURY should be initiated as soon as possible after diagnosis of symptomatic COVID-19 and within 7 days of symptom onset for outpatient use.
  • Testing prior to and during treatment: Perform hepatic laboratory and prothrombin time testing prior to initiating VEKLURY and during use as clinically appropriate.
  • Renal impairment: No dosage adjustment of VEKLURY is recommended in patients with any degree of renal impairment, including patients on dialysis. VEKLURY may be administered without regard to the timing of dialysis.

Pregnancy and lactation

  • Pregnancy: A pregnancy registry has been established for VEKLURY. Available clinical trial data for VEKLURY in pregnant women have not identified a drug-associated risk of major birth defects, miscarriage, or adverse maternal or fetal outcomes following second- and third-trimester exposure. There are insufficient data to evaluate the risk of VEKLURY exposure during the first trimester. Maternal and fetal risks are associated with untreated COVID-19 in pregnancy.
  • Lactation: VEKLURY can pass into breast milk. The developmental and health benefits of breastfeeding should be considered along with the mother’s clinical need for VEKLURY and any potential adverse effects on the breastfed child from VEKLURY or from an underlying maternal condition. Breastfeeding individuals with COVID-19 should follow practices according to clinical guidelines to avoid exposing the infant to COVID-19.

INDICATION

VEKLURY is indicated for the treatment of COVID-19 in adults and pediatric patients (birth to <18 years of age weighing ≥1.5 kg), who are:

  • Hospitalized, or
  • Not hospitalized, have mild-to-moderate COVID-19, and are at high risk for progression to severe COVID-19, including hospitalization or death.

Please see full Prescribing Information for VEKLURY.

AKI=acute kidney injury; CKD=chronic kidney disease; ESRD=end-stage renal disease.

References: 1. VEKLURY. Prescribing Information. Gilead Sciences, Inc.; 2024. 2. Santos JR, Goldman JD, Tuttle KR, et al. The REDPINE study: efficacy and safety of remdesivir in people with moderately and severely reduced kidney function hospitalised for COVID-19 pneumonia. Poster presented at: 33rd European Congress of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases (ECCMID); April 15-18, 2023; Copenhagen, Denmark; poster P2635. 3. Data on file. Gilead Sciences, Inc.