Study 5774

VEKLURY improved clinical outcomes in hospitalized patients with moderate COVID-191,2

The likelihood of clinical improvement with VEKLURY was evaluated vs standard of care in patients with moderate COVID-191,2

5 days of treatment with VEKLURY resulted in a significantly greater likelihood of improvement in clinical status based on ordinal score vs standard of care

The odds of improvement in clinical status with VEKLURY in the 10-day treatment group were not statistically significant; odds ratio for improvement: 1.31 (95% CI, 0.88 to 1.95).

All-cause mortality at Day 28 was ≤2% in all treatment groups

Study GS-US-540-5774 was a randomized, open-label, multicenter, phase 3 study of hospitalized adult patients with confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection, an SpO2 of >94% on room air, and radiological evidence of pneumonia.

Study design1

A graphic showing the 5774-study design A graphic showing the 5774-study design

Treatment with VEKLURY was stopped in patients who were discharged from the hospital prior to completion of their protocol-defined duration of treatment.

Primary endpoint

Clinical status on Day 11 as assessed on a 7-point ordinal scale.

R=randomization.

Safety parameters in Study 57741

VEKLURY had a similar safety profile in 5- and 10-day treatment courses

Adverse reactions were similar in both VEKLURY study arms*

The most common adverse reaction occurring in ≥5% of patients in the VEKLURY groups was nausea (7% in the 5-day group, 4% in the 10-day group).

Types of adverse reactions VEKLURY 5 days(n=191)n (%) VEKLURY 10 days(n=193)n (%)
Any adverse reaction, all Grades 36 (19) 25 (13)
Serious adverse reactions 1 (<1) 0
Adverse reactions leading to treatment discontinuation 4 (2) 4 (2)

*Attribution of events to study drug was not performed for the SOC group.

Heart rate decreased.

ALT increased (n=2), ALT increased and AST increased (n=1), hypertransaminasemia (n=1), blood alkaline phosphatase increased (n=1), rash (n=2), heart rate decreased (n=1).

Laboratory abnormalities (Grades 3–4) reported in ≥3% of patients

Laboratory parameter abnormality§ VEKLURY 5 days(n=191) VEKLURY 10 days(n=193) Standard of care(n=200)
ALT increased 2% 3% 8%
Creatinine clearance decreased|| 2% 5% 8%
Glucose increased 4% 3% 2%
Hemoglobin decreased 3% 1% 6%

§Frequencies are based on treatment-emergent laboratory abnormalities graded per Division of AIDS (DAIDS) Table for Grading the Severity of Adult and Pediatric Adverse Events, Version 2.1, dated July 2017.

||Based on the Cockcroft-Gault formula.

Baseline characteristics1,2

Characteristic 5-day group(n=191) 10-day group(n=193) Standard of care(n=200)
Median age (IQR), y 58 (48-66) 56 (45-66) 57 (45-66)
Male sex 60% 61% 63%
Race
White 59% 57% 58%
Black 19% 20% 14%
Asian 18% 16% 19%
Ethnicity: Hispanic/Latinx 13% 23% 18%
Respiratory Status
Not on oxygen, requiring care 84% 84% 80%
Low-flow oxygen 15% 12% 18%
High-flow oxygen 1% 1% 1%
Coexisting conditions
Cardiovascular disease 58% 58% 54%
Hypertension 43% 44% 41%
Diabetes 37% 44% 38%
Asthma 12% 16% 14%

IQR=interquartile range.

7-point ordinal scale1,2

Patient clinical status was assessed on a 7-point ordinal scale with a lower score indicating greater clinical severity.

A graphic showing the patient's clinical status assessed on a 7-point ordinal scale A graphic showing the patient's clinical status assessed on a 7-point ordinal scale

ECMO=extracorporeal membrane oxygenation.

See VEKLURY data on disease progression and recovery time

ACTT-1 STUDY

See VEKLURY clinical outcomes in patients hospitalized with severe COVID-19

STUDY 5773

Important Safety Information

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Contraindication

  • VEKLURY is contraindicated in patients with a history of clinically significant hypersensitivity reactions to VEKLURY or any of its components.

Warnings and precautions

  • Hypersensitivity, including infusion-related and anaphylactic reactions: Hypersensitivity, including infusion-related and anaphylactic reactions, has been observed during and following administration of VEKLURY; most reactions occurred within 1 hour. Monitor patients during infusion and observe for at least 1 hour after infusion is complete for signs and symptoms of hypersensitivity as clinically appropriate. Symptoms may include hypotension, hypertension, tachycardia, bradycardia, hypoxia, fever, dyspnea, wheezing, angioedema, rash, nausea, diaphoresis, and shivering. Slower infusion rates (maximum infusion time of up to 120 minutes) can potentially prevent these reactions. If a severe infusion-related hypersensitivity reaction occurs, immediately discontinue VEKLURY and initiate appropriate treatment (see Contraindications).
  • Increased risk of transaminase elevations: Transaminase elevations have been observed in healthy volunteers and in patients with COVID-19 who received VEKLURY; these elevations have also been reported as a clinical feature of COVID-19. Perform hepatic laboratory testing in all patients (see Dosage and administration). Consider discontinuing VEKLURY if ALT levels increase to >10x ULN. Discontinue VEKLURY if ALT elevation is accompanied by signs or symptoms of liver inflammation.
  • Risk of reduced antiviral activity when coadministered with chloroquine or hydroxychloroquine: Coadministration of VEKLURY with chloroquine phosphate or hydroxychloroquine sulfate is not recommended based on data from cell culture experiments, demonstrating potential antagonism, which may lead to a decrease in the antiviral activity of VEKLURY.

Adverse reactions

  • The most common adverse reaction (≥5% all grades) was nausea.
  • The most common lab abnormalities (≥5% all grades) were increases in ALT and AST.

Dosage and administration

  • Administration should take place under conditions where management of severe hypersensitivity reactions, such as anaphylaxis, is possible.
  • Treatment duration:
    • For patients who are hospitalized, VEKLURY should be initiated as soon as possible after diagnosis of symptomatic COVID-19.
    • For patients who are hospitalized and do not require invasive mechanical ventilation and/or ECMO, the recommended treatment duration is 5 days. If a patient does not demonstrate clinical improvement, treatment may be extended up to 5 additional days, for a total treatment duration of up to 10 days.
    • For patients who are hospitalized and require invasive mechanical ventilation and/or ECMO, the recommended total treatment duration is 10 days.
    • For patients who are not hospitalized, diagnosed with mild-to-moderate COVID-19, and are at high risk for progression to severe COVID-19, including hospitalization or death, the recommended total treatment duration is 3 days. VEKLURY should be initiated as soon as possible after diagnosis of symptomatic COVID-19 and within 7 days of symptom onset for outpatient use.
  • Testing prior to and during treatment: Perform eGFR, hepatic laboratory, and prothrombin time testing prior to initiating VEKLURY and during use as clinically appropriate.
  • Renal impairment: VEKLURY is not recommended in individuals with eGFR <30 mL/min.

Pregnancy and lactation

  • Pregnancy: A pregnancy registry has been established. There are insufficient human data on the use of VEKLURY during pregnancy. COVID-19 is associated with adverse maternal and fetal outcomes, including preeclampsia, eclampsia, preterm birth, premature rupture of membranes, venous thromboembolic disease, and fetal death.
  • Lactation: It is not known whether VEKLURY can pass into breast milk. Breastfeeding individuals with COVID-19 should follow practices according to clinical guidelines to avoid exposing the infant to COVID-19.

INDICATION

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VEKLURY is indicated for the treatment of COVID-19 in adults and pediatric patients (≥28 days old and weighing ≥3 kg) with positive results of SARS-CoV-2 viral testing, who are: VEKLURY is indicated for the treatment of COVID-19 in adults and pediatric patients (≥28 days old and weighing ≥3 kg) with positive results of SARS-CoV-2 viral testing, who are:

  • Hospitalized, or
  • Not hospitalized, have mild-to-moderate COVID-19, and are at high risk for progression to severe COVID-19, including hospitalization or death.

SOC=standard of care; SpO2=oxygen saturation.

References: 1. Veklury. Prescribing Information. Gilead Sciences, Inc.; 2022. 2. Spinner CD, Gottlieb RL, Criner GJ, et al; GS-US-540-5774 Investigators. Effect of remdesivir vs standard care on clinical status at 11 days in patients with moderate COVID-19: a randomized clinical trial. JAMA. 2020;324(11):1048-1057. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.16349


View All

INDICATION

View All

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VEKLURY is indicated for the treatment of COVID-19 in adults and pediatric patients (≥28 days old and weighing ≥3 kg) with positive results of SARS-CoV-2 viral testing, who are: VEKLURY is indicated for the treatment of COVID-19 in adults and pediatric patients (≥28 days old and weighing ≥3 kg) with positive results of SARS-CoV-2 viral testing, who are:

  • Hospitalized, or
  • Not hospitalized, have mild-to-moderate COVID-19, and are at high risk for progression to severe COVID-19, including hospitalization or death.

Important Safety Information

Collapse

Contraindication

  • VEKLURY is contraindicated in patients with a history of clinically significant hypersensitivity reactions to VEKLURY or any of its components.

Warnings and precautions

  • Hypersensitivity, including infusion-related and anaphylactic reactions: Hypersensitivity, including infusion-related and anaphylactic reactions, has been observed during and following administration of VEKLURY; most reactions occurred within 1 hour. Monitor patients during infusion and observe for at least 1 hour after infusion is complete for signs and symptoms of hypersensitivity as clinically appropriate. Symptoms may include hypotension, hypertension, tachycardia, bradycardia, hypoxia, fever, dyspnea, wheezing, angioedema, rash, nausea, diaphoresis, and shivering. Slower infusion rates (maximum infusion time of up to 120 minutes) can potentially prevent these reactions. If a severe infusion-related hypersensitivity reaction occurs, immediately discontinue VEKLURY and initiate appropriate treatment (see Contraindications).
  • Increased risk of transaminase elevations: Transaminase elevations have been observed in healthy volunteers and in patients with COVID-19 who received VEKLURY; these elevations have also been reported as a clinical feature of COVID-19. Perform hepatic laboratory testing in all patients (see Dosage and administration). Consider discontinuing VEKLURY if ALT levels increase to >10x ULN. Discontinue VEKLURY if ALT elevation is accompanied by signs or symptoms of liver inflammation.
  • Risk of reduced antiviral activity when coadministered with chloroquine or hydroxychloroquine: Coadministration of VEKLURY with chloroquine phosphate or hydroxychloroquine sulfate is not recommended based on data from cell culture experiments, demonstrating potential antagonism, which may lead to a decrease in the antiviral activity of VEKLURY.

Adverse reactions

  • The most common adverse reaction (≥5% all grades) was nausea.
  • The most common lab abnormalities (≥5% all grades) were increases in ALT and AST.

Dosage and administration

  • Administration should take place under conditions where management of severe hypersensitivity reactions, such as anaphylaxis, is possible.
  • Treatment duration:
    • For patients who are hospitalized, VEKLURY should be initiated as soon as possible after diagnosis of symptomatic COVID-19.
    • For patients who are hospitalized and do not require invasive mechanical ventilation and/or ECMO, the recommended treatment duration is 5 days. If a patient does not demonstrate clinical improvement, treatment may be extended up to 5 additional days, for a total treatment duration of up to 10 days.
    • For patients who are hospitalized and require invasive mechanical ventilation and/or ECMO, the recommended total treatment duration is 10 days.
    • For patients who are not hospitalized, diagnosed with mild-to-moderate COVID-19, and are at high risk for progression to severe COVID-19, including hospitalization or death, the recommended total treatment duration is 3 days. VEKLURY should be initiated as soon as possible after diagnosis of symptomatic COVID-19 and within 7 days of symptom onset for outpatient use.
  • Testing prior to and during treatment: Perform eGFR, hepatic laboratory, and prothrombin time testing prior to initiating VEKLURY and during use as clinically appropriate.
  • Renal impairment: VEKLURY is not recommended in individuals with eGFR <30 mL/min.

Pregnancy and lactation

  • Pregnancy: A pregnancy registry has been established. There are insufficient human data on the use of VEKLURY during pregnancy. COVID-19 is associated with adverse maternal and fetal outcomes, including preeclampsia, eclampsia, preterm birth, premature rupture of membranes, venous thromboembolic disease, and fetal death.
  • Lactation: It is not known whether VEKLURY can pass into breast milk. Breastfeeding individuals with COVID-19 should follow practices according to clinical guidelines to avoid exposing the infant to COVID-19.

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